What is Blood Pressure?
BP is an important force which moves blood through our circulatory system.It is important because without blood pressure, the nutrients and oxygen would not be pushed around our circulatory system to nourish organs and tissues.
BP is also important because it delivers the white blood cells and hormones like insulin and antibodies for immunity.
B.P is also important for pick-up of the toxic waste of the metabolism which include the toxins which clear form our liver and kidney and the carbon-dioxide we exhale with every breath.
Blood also carries a number of different properties which include its temperature, the clotting platelets that prevent blood loss at the time of injury and defence against the tissue damage.
Our heart is responsible for creating the BP by forcing the blood when it contracts with every heartbeat. There are some other factory which is also responsible for creating the BP.
Blood flows in our body because of the difference in the pressure. Our Blood pressure is highest at the start of its journey from the heart and lowest at the end of the journey in the smaller branches of the arteries. These pressure difference is cause the blood flow to our bodies.
To measure the blood pressure sphygmomanometer is use. The measuring unit of the blood pressure is millimeter of mercury, abbreviated to mmHG.
Blood pressure reading is consist of two figures.
- Systolic Pressure
- Diastolic Pressure
Systolic Pressure is the higher reading caused due to heart’s contraction.
Diastolic Pressure is the blood pressure betweens heartbeats.
It your blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg than It means Systolic Pressure is 120 mmHg and Diastolic Pressure is 80 mmHg.
Ranges of BP
- Low Blood Pressure or Hypotension – Systolic mmHg 90 or less, or Diastolic mmHg 60 or less.
- Normal Blood Pressure – Systolic mmHg 90-119, and Diastolic mmHg 60-79.
- HIgh Blood Pressure or Hypertension – Systolic mmHg 120-139, or Diastolic mmHg 60-79.
Disorder of BP
- High Blood Pressure(Hypertension)
- Low Blood Pressure(Hypotension)
- High BP is also known as Hypertension.If someone has high BP means that the walls of arteries on constant basis are receiving too much pressure.
Many people with Hypertension will not experience any kind of symptoms thats why it is also known as “silent killer”. If the BP reach levels about 180/110 mmHg is a medical emergency also known as Hypertension crisis. The Symptoms Which shows are :
- Double or Blurred Vision
- Low Blood Pressure is also known as Hypotension. If someone has low BP means that nutrients and oxygen may not reach to the key organs of the body. Hypotension also lead to serious heart problems. It is also link to the shock.
The Symptoms of Low BP are:
- Blurred vision
- Cold, pale skin and clammy
- Fatigue and weakness
Tips to maintain a Healthy BP are :
- Maintain Healthy Body Weight
- Eat Balanced diet
- Cut down sodium
- Regular exercise